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The Meaning and Routine for Each Pattern

The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolise either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events. Below are the names of the 24 patterns and the grade at which the Taekwon-Do student learns each one. Click on each pattern below to see the meaning and a full step-by-step guide to performing the pattern.

Chon-Ji              
Dan-Gun            
Do-San              
Won-Hyo           
Yul-Gok         
Joong-Gun          
Toi-Gye          
Hwa-Rang         
Choong-Moo  
Kwang-Gae    
Po-Eun           
Ge-Baek        
Eui-Am          
Choong-Jang  
Juche              
Sam-Il            
Yoo-Sin

Choi-Yong
Yong-Gae
Ul-Ji
Moon-Moo
So-San
Se-Jong
Tong-Il
(white belt with yellow tag)
(yellow belt)
(yellow belt with green tag)
(green belt)
(green belt with blue tag)
(blue belt)
(blue belt with red tag)
(red belt)
(red belt with black tag)
(1st Dan)
(1st Dan)
(1st Dan)
(2nd Dan)
(2nd Dan)
(2nd Dan)
(3rd Dan)
(3rd Dan)
(3rd Dan)
(4th Dan)
(4th Dan)
(4th Dan)
(5th Dan)
(5th Dan)
(6th Dan)

There are also two four-directional movements performed by the beginner: Saju Jirugi, the four-direction punch and Saju Makgi, the four-directional block.
Saju Jirugi
Saju Makgi
(white belt)
(white belt with yellow tag)
Taekwon-Do Patterns

There are 24 patterns in ITF Taekwon-Do, which form an integral part of the art. They are a series of movements, both attack and defence, against an imaginary opponent and make use of the techniques taught to the Taekwon-Do student. When performing any pattern, there a a number of important points that should be remembered:

  1. The pattern should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer's accuracy.
  2. Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
  3. Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.
  4. The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.
  5. Movement should be accelerated or decelerated accordingly.
  6. Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next.
  7. Students should know the purpose of each movement.
  8. Students should perform each movement with realism.
  9. Attack and defence techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.
Copyright,G. S. Curran.